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Genetic and molecular studies of plasmids coding for colonization factor antigen I and heat-stable enterotoxin in several escherichia coli serotypes

Genetic and molecular studies of plasmids coding for colonization factor antigen I and heat-stable enterotoxin in several escherichia coli serotypes

Infection and Immunity 37(3): 858-868

Plasmids coding for colonization factor antigen I (CFA/I) and heat-stable enterotoxin (ST) were identified in 10 strains of human enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. The strains, which belonged to serogroups O63, O114, O128, and O153, were isolated in Bangladesh, Latin America, Spain, and South Africa. Two strains produced heat-labile enterotoxin in addition to ST. CFA/I-ST plasmids were mobilized from two O128 strains into E. coli K-12 with the R factor R1-19K-. Like the prototype CFA/I-ST plasmid NTP113, mobilized previously from an E. coli O78 strain into K-12, these two plasmids were non-autotransferring. All 10 CFA/I-ST plasmids were incompatible with NTP113 and had molecular weights ranging from 59 X 10(6) to 72 X 10(6). The molecular properties of seven of these plasmids were compared with those of six CFA/I-ST plasmids previously mobilized from O78 strains from Ethiopia, South Africa, and Bangladesh and with those of one plasmid coding for CFA/I, ST and heat-labile enterotoxin from a South African strain of serogroup O63. Digestion with the restriction endonuclease HindIII showed that several plasmids had very similar fragment patterns and two were identical. Generally, a larger proportion of HindIII fragments were of common size in digests of plasmids identified in strains from related geographical areas, regardless of serogroup. However, all except one plasmid shared five or six HindIII fragments of the same size, one of which had been shown previously to be involved in CFA/I production. There was at least 90% DNA homology between CFA/I-ST plasmids with a molecular weight of about 58 X 10(6) from O78 strains from different sources. Most of the DNA sequences of these plasmids were present in a larger CFA/I-ST plasmid (72 X 10(6) from an O128 strain. The results of genetic and molecular studies suggest that CFA/I and ST production is determined by very similar plasmids in different serogroups of human enterotoxigenic E. coli from several sources.

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Accession: 043187806

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PMID: 6290394

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