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IL-4 plus CD40 monoclonal antibody induces human B cells gamma subclass-specific isotype switch: switching to gamma 1, gamma 3, and gamma 4, but not gamma 2



IL-4 plus CD40 monoclonal antibody induces human B cells gamma subclass-specific isotype switch: switching to gamma 1, gamma 3, and gamma 4, but not gamma 2



Journal of Immunology 155(5): 2318-2328



Stimulation with IL-4 plus CD40 mAb is known to induce production of IgE and IgG4. In this study, we determined the IgG subclass specificity of IL-4 plus CD40 mAb stimulation for human purified B cells. We determined true in vitro switching by the generation of switch circular DNA (S gamma/S mu) representing primary S mu/S gamma events and production of gamma subclass-specific germ-line transcripts by a combination of reverse transcription-PCR and restriction endonuclease digestion. We simultaneously measured changes in the levels of IgG subclass proteins produced. Forty-two clones of circular switch DNA were identified and sequenced. The IgG subclass of S gamma fragment in the S gamma/S mu chimeric PCR products was determined by analyzing key S gamma nucleotides. The switch-deleted clones were found to consist of S gamma 1/S mu, S gamma 3/S mu, and S gamma 4/S mu chimeric switch sequences, showing that such switching had occurred. No S gamma 2/S mu chimeric switch sequences were found. While a consensus sequence was not identified at the S gamma/S mu breakpoints, four contiguous guanines (GGGG) were noticeably present in the S gamma region near the breakpoint. The induction of gamma 1, gamma 3, and gamma 4 switch circles in human purified B cells was accompanied by enhanced production of IgG1, IgG3, and IgG4 but not IgG2. Similarly, stimulation with IL-4 alone induced gamma 1, gamma 3, and gamma 4 but not gamma 2 germ-line transcripts. These results demonstrate that IL-4 plus CD40 mAb induces Ig isotype switch from mu to gamma 1, gamma 3, and gamma 4 but not to gamma 2.

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Accession: 043312498

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PMID: 7544371


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