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Immunogenic variants obtained by mutagenesis of mouse mastocytoma P815. VII. Dominant expression of variant antigens in somatic cell hybrids



Immunogenic variants obtained by mutagenesis of mouse mastocytoma P815. VII. Dominant expression of variant antigens in somatic cell hybrids



Somatic Cell Genetics 9(3): 345-357



After mutagenesis of mouse mastocytoma P815, it is possible to obtain at high frequency stable tumor cell variants (tum-) that are rejected by syngeneic DBA/2 mice. Most of the variants express one or more new individual antigens specific for each variant, that are detectable in vitro by cytolytic T cells (CTL). Somatic hybrids were prepared either between tum- variants and the original P815 clone, or between different variants. Antigen expression of the hybrids was assessed by using long-term CTL clones that recognize specifically the new antigen present on the variants. Expression of tum- variant antigens behaved as a dominant trait in the hybrids. By submitting the somatic hybrids to selection with CTL clones, it was possible to obtain antigen-loss hybrid variants. The analyses of these antigen-loss variants showed that two variant-specific antigenic determinants associated with one of the variant fusion partners could be lost independently. Like the parental tum- variants, both the (tum+ X tum-) and (tum- X tum-) hybrids failed to form tumors in normal mice but formed tumors in irradiated mice.

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Accession: 043333058

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PMID: 6407125

DOI: 10.1007/bf01539143


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