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Interactions between Na+-dependent uptake of D-glucose, phosphate and L-alanine in rat renal brush border membrane vesicles



Interactions between Na+-dependent uptake of D-glucose, phosphate and L-alanine in rat renal brush border membrane vesicles



Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 647(2): 203-210



D-Glucose decreases phosphate reabsorption in rat proximal tubule. It is also postulated that some amino acids interact with phosphate reabsorption. To investigate the mechanism of these interactions, phosphate, D-glucose and L-alanine transport kinetics were measured in brush border membrane vesicles isolated from superficial rat kidney cortex by the calcium precipitation technique. At pH 7.4, Na+-dependent phosphate transport was inhibited in the presence of either D-glucose (39 mM) or L-alanine (2.4 mM). In this model, with D-glucose or with L-alanine the V value of the phosphate uptake was decreased, whereas the apparent Km for the phosphate uptake was not affected. However, some inhibition of phosphate transport was observed in the presence of L-glucose, D-alanine or D-glucose after phlorizin preincubation. A 30% Na+-dependent L-alanine (0.1 mM) transport inhibition was observed in the presence of 5 mM phosphate. D-Glucose (1 mM) was also inhibited by 20% when 5 mM phosphate was added to incubation medium. According to several authors, in our model, D-glucose decreased the L-alanine transport and vice versa. Moreover, when the membrane potential was abolished, a clear inhibition of D-glucose by L-alanine persisted. These multiple interactions could be explained by the accelerated dissipation of the Na+ gradient insofar as the rate of the Na+ uptake was increased with D-glucose, L-alanine or phosphate and since the absence of variations in membrane potentials did not suppress these inhibitions.

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Accession: 043433020

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PMID: 7295725

DOI: 10.1016/0005-2736(81)90247-9


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