Section 44
Chapter 43,462

Invariant chain (CD74) gene regulation: enhanced expression associated with activation of protein kinase C delta in a murine B lymphoma cell line

Shih, N.Y.; Floyd-Smith, G.

Molecular Immunology 32(9): 643-650


ISSN/ISBN: 0161-5890
PMID: 7643856
DOI: 10.1016/0161-5890(95)00029-e
Accession: 043461728

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The invariant chain (Ii, CD74) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that is transiently associated with the MHC class II antigens in the endoplasmic reticulum and in endocytic vesicles. An activator of protein kinase C (PKC), 12-O-tetradecanoyl-1,2-phorbol 13-acetate (TPA), was found to enhance expression of Ii mRNA in the murine B lymphoma cell line, A20, 6-48 hr following treatment. In contrast, TPA did not induce the Ii in NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. TPA addition to either cell line activated PKC. Pretreatment of A20 cells with the PKC inhibitors, staurosporine or chelerythrine chloride, for 5 or 20 min prior to addition of TPA, decreased Ii mRNA levels when compared to cells treated with TPA alone. A 20 min preincubation with the highly specific PKC inhibitor, calphostin C, completely blocked the TPA enhanced expression of the Ii suggesting that activation of PKC was responsible for TPA increased Ii mRNA levels. IFN-gamma also blocked the TPA increased Ii mRNA levels. Constitutive expression of Ii mRNA was decreased by treatment with staurosporine but not chelerythrine chloride or calphostin C, suggesting that non-PKC protein kinases may also be important for maintaining high levels of Ii mRNA in these cells. Western blot analysis using PKC isotype specific antibodies showed that A20 cells express PKC delta abundantly whereas NIH 3T3 cells express primarily PKC alpha. These data suggest that a PKC delta mediated signal transduction pathway plays a crucial role in up-regulation of the Ii.

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