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Ionophore A23187, verapamil, protonophores, and veratridine influence the release of gamma-aminobutyric acid from synaptosomes by modulation of the plasma membrane potential rather than the cytosolic calcium



Ionophore A23187, verapamil, protonophores, and veratridine influence the release of gamma-aminobutyric acid from synaptosomes by modulation of the plasma membrane potential rather than the cytosolic calcium



Journal of Neurochemistry 43(6): 1624-1630



The release of GABA induced by veratridine shows no correlation with the synaptosomal Ca content and is therefore not mediated by the release of mitochondrial Ca. Instead, with both Ca-repleted and -depleted synaptosomes, the extent of GABA efflux is correlated with the decrease in plasma membrane potential. The slow release of GABA induced by protonophores and the Ca-dependent release induced by ionophore A23187 are also consequences of the depolarization of the plasma membrane, rather than of elevated cytosolic Ca. Finally, the ability of verapamil to inhibit the release of GABA induced by low veratridine concentrations is due to the ability of the Ca channel inhibitor to antagonize the action of veratridine, rather than to inhibit Ca entry into the synaptosome. It is concluded that it is essential to monitor plasma membrane potentials in experiments in which amino acid efflux from synaptosomes is induced.

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Accession: 043467901

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PMID: 6436439


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