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A case report of giant pancreatic pseudocyst following acute pancreatitis: experience with endoscopic internal drainage

A case report of giant pancreatic pseudocyst following acute pancreatitis: experience with endoscopic internal drainage

Bmc Research Notes 11(1): 262

Pancreatic cysts are being diagnosed more frequently because of the increasing usage of imaging techniques. A pseudocyst with the major diameter of 10 cm is termed as a giant cyst. Asymptomatic pseudo-cysts up to 6 cm in diameter can be safely observed and monitored without intervention, but larger and symptomatic pseudocysts require intervention. A 27-year-old Sri Lankan male, with history of heavy alcohol use, presented with progressive abdominal distension following an episode of acute pancreatitis. Contrast enhanced CT scan of the abdomen showed a large multilocular cystic lesion almost occupying the entire abdominal cavity and displacing the liver medially and the right dome of the diaphragm superiorly. The largest locule in the right side measured as 30 cm × 15 cm × 14 cm. Endoscopic ultrasound guided drainage of the cyst was performed. The cyst was entered into with an electrocautery-assisted cystotome and a lumen-opposing metal stent was deployed under fluoroscopic vision followed by dilatation with a 10 mm controlled radial expansion balloon. Repeat endoscopic ultrasound was done a week later due to persistence of the collection and a second stent was inserted. Then 10 French gauge × 10 cm double ended pigtails were inserted through both stents. The cysts were not visualized on subsequent Ultra sound scans. Stent removal was done after 3 weeks, leaving the pigtails insitu. The patient made an uneventful recovery. Giant pancreatic pseudocysts are rare and earlier drainage is recommended before clinical deterioration. Some experts suggest that cystogastrostomy may not be appropriate for the treatment of giant pancreatic pseudocysts and in some instances external drainage of giant pancreatic pseudocysts may be safer than cystogastrostomy. Video-assisted pancreatic necrosectomy with internal drainage and laparoscopic cystogastrostomy were also tried with a good outcome. With our experience we suggest endoscopic guided internal drainage as a possible initial method of management of a giant pseudo cyst. However long-term follow up is needed with repeated imaging and endoscopy. In instances where the primary endoscopic internal drainage fails, surgical procedures may be required as a second line option.

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Accession: 043523820

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PMID: 29703250

DOI: 10.1186/s13104-018-3375-9

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