Levels of alpha 1-antitrypsin and alpha 2-macroglobulin in blood serum and its antitryptic capacity
Protsenko, V.A.; Veselov, V.F.; Protsenko, A.V.; Kiriukhin, I.F.; Kosik, O.G.
Ukrainskii Biokhimicheskii Zhurnal 54(4): 377-382
Immunochemical analysis in combination with gel filtration and isoelectric focusing made it possible to state that in blood serum of healthy people 81.3 +/- 0.5% of administered trypsin is bound with alpha 1-antitrypsin and 18.7 +/- 0.6%--with alpha 2-macroglobulin. The latter is functionally heterogeneous, only 40% of it is bound with trypsin and in the formed complex the antigenic properties of trypsin and alpha 2-macroglobulin are lost. A great number of blood serum alpha 1-antitrypsin cannot fix trypsin. The content of such alpha 1-antitrypsin rises sharply with pathology available. In the immunochemical estimation of the organism inhibitory potential relative to proteolytic enzymes not only the amount of the inhibitor but also its functional activity should be taken into account. The data of immunochemical research of the blood serum isoelectrophoregrams show that the most considerable changes under conditions of pathology occur in alpha 2-macroglobulin.