Section 44
Chapter 43,534

Ligand binding to monocyte alpha 5 beta 1 integrin activates the alpha 2 beta 1 receptor via the alpha 5 subunit cytoplasmic domain and protein kinase C

Pacifici, R.; Roman, J.; Kimble, R.; Civitelli, R.; Brownfield, C.M.; Bizzarri, C.

Journal of Immunology 153(5): 2222-2233


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1767
PMID: 7519645
Accession: 043533409

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Regulation of the functional status of integrin receptors plays a critical role in inflammation and tissue remodeling, as it affects cell adherence and cytokine secretion. We have previously shown that in monocytes the binding of collagen to the alpha 2 beta 1 integrin induces the release of IL-1, an event that is potentiated by binding of fibronectin (Fn) to the alpha 5 beta 1 integrin. In this study, we have investigated the mechanisms leading to this phenomenon. Fn binding to alpha 5 beta 1 induced intracellular signals which increased the alpha 2 beta 1-dependent adhesiveness of monocytes to collagen without modifications of alpha 2 beta 1 expression. By using Abs against the intracellular region of the alpha 5 subunit of the alpha 5 beta 1 receptor, and specific inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC), we found that the potentiation effect of Fn on monocyte IL-1 production and their adherence to collagen was dependent on an intact alpha 5 subunit cytoplasmic domain, and required PKC activation. Although the alpha 2 beta 1 could be activated by several intracellular second messengers, including protein kinase A and intracellular calcium, the potentiating effect of Fn was mediated only by PKC. These data provide an example of a novel regulatory mechanism: potentiation of beta 1 integrin-mediated events as a result of ligand binding to another integrin of the same class. They also show that the intracellular region of alpha 5 beta 1 plays a critical role in transducing signals generated by ligand binding to alpha 5 beta 1.

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