Section 44
Chapter 43,539

Lipid composition of liver mitochondria and microsomes in hyperthyroid rats

Ruggiero, F.M.; Landriscina, C.; Gnoni, G.V.; Quagliariello, E.

Lipids 19(3): 171-178


ISSN/ISBN: 0024-4201
PMID: 6717248
DOI: 10.1007/bf02534794
Accession: 043538131

Download citation:  

Triiodothyronine-induced alteration of the lipid pattern in rat-liver mitochondria and microsomes has been investigated. In mitochondria, a 25% total cholesterol decrease and a 14% phospholipid increase have been detected. In these hyperthyroid rat liver organelles, a strong decrease in the total cholesterol/phospholipid molar ratio occurs. On the contrary, in microsomes from the same animals, a decrease of about 23% has been measured for both total cholesterol and phospholipids; hence, in this fraction, the total cholesterol/phospholipid molar ratio is unaffected by hyperthyroidism. The liver mitochondrial phospholipid composition, unlike the microsomal composition, is altered significantly in hyperthyroid rats; a 7.4% phosphatidylcholine decrease is accompanied by a similar additive percentage increase of both phosphatidylethanolamine and cardiolipin. In regard to total phospholipid fatty acid composition in liver microsomes from hyperthyroid rats, no variation has been observed compared with the control rats, whereas in mitochondria from the same animals, a meaningful linoleic acid decrease with a similar arachidonic acid increase has been found. In addition to fatty acid alteration, the separated mitochondrial phospholipid classes also exhibit some increase in stearic acid. Among phospholipids, cardiolipin changes the most of the esterified fatty acids in hyperthyroid rat liver. In this compound, a strong increase in the percentage of both palmitic and stearic acid and a 32.4% decrease of linoleic acid have been found.

PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90