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Mechanism of conjugation and recombination in bacteria. XXI. Role of F factor genes in post-conjugational recombination in Escherichia coli K-12



Mechanism of conjugation and recombination in bacteria. XXI. Role of F factor genes in post-conjugational recombination in Escherichia coli K-12



Acta Microbiologica Polonica 33(1): 11-24



Temperature sensitive dnaA recipient crossed at the restrictive temperature with HfrH, free from contaminating F+ cells, forms recombinants almost as proficiently as at the permissive temperature. The merozygotes are able to synthesize DNA at 42 degrees C, although the recipient and donor cells do not incorporate 3H-thymine. A substantial fraction of Lac+ recombinants, irrespective of the mating temperature, is temperature resistant (42 C-R); 15% from among those mated at 35 C and 30% from those mated at 42 C. The presence of dnaA mutation in these Lac+ 42 C-R recombinants was ascertained by co-transduction with ilv. Cell division at 42 C is inhibited in the Lac 42 C-R recombinants by acridine orange. The presence of F factor DNA in these recombinants was demonstrated directly by DNA: DNA hybridization. Suppression of dnaA mutation in Lac+ 42 degrees C-R recombinants and their sensitivity to acridine orange at 42 degrees C suggests that at least part of the F factor is integrated into the recombinant chromosome. A large fraction of the Lac+ 42 degrees C-R recombinants (up to 80%) is sensitive to male phage R17 and fertile. In crosses with HfrC there is a marked decrease of recombination frequency at 42 degrees C in the dnaA recipient. The fraction of Lac+ 42 degrees C-R recombinants is low (up to 10%) and the 42 degrees C-R recombinants are neither sensitive to male phage nor fertile. The results are discussed on the basis of the previously proposed model of post-conjugational recombination.

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Accession: 043606505

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PMID: 6205545


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