Membrane anomalies in Huntington's disease fibroblasts

Schroeder, F.; Goetz, I.E.; Roberts, E.

Journal of Neurochemistry 43(2): 526-539

1984


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3042
PMID: 6330302
DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1984.tb00931.x
Accession: 043622969

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Abstract
Plasma membranes, microsomes, and mitochondria were isolated from paired, passage number matched, cultured human fibroblasts. The cells were obtained from skin biopsies of Huntington's disease (HD) subjects and from sex and age matched controls. All fibroblasts were cultured in identical media for three to seven passages. Enrichment of surface marker enzymes such as Na+,K+-ATPase indicated a 10-fold purification of the isolated plasma membrane. The specific activity of Na+,K+-ATPase was 62 and 82% greater in the crude homogenate and isolated plasma membrane, respectively, of HD fibroblasts than in control fibroblasts. The specific activity of plasma membrane Na+,K+-ATPase was correlated with lipid composition and with membrane structure as determined by measurement of the rotational relaxation time and limiting anisotropy of fluorescence probe molecules. Major alterations in the structure of the plasma membranes in HD fibroblasts were not noted. The rotational relaxation time and limiting anisotropy of 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene and of trans-parinaric acid were not significantly different between the plasma membrane, microsomes, or mitochondria of HD versus those of control fibroblasts. trans-Parinaric acid demonstrated the coexistence of fluid and solid domains in all three subcellular membrane fractions of the normal and HD skin fibroblasts. Lastly, both trans-parinaric acid and 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene displayed characteristic breakpoints in Arrhenius plots of absorbance corrected fluorescence in plasma membranes, microsomes, and mitochondria. In all cases, similar breakpoint temperatures, indicative of phase alterations, were noted near 20 degrees and 30 degrees C. These breakpoints were unaltered in HD. In summary, the data do not support the concept of major membrane structural defects in HD.

Membrane anomalies in Huntington's disease fibroblasts