Membrane antigen in small cell carcinoma of the lung defined by monoclonal antibody SM1

Bernal, S.D.; Speak, J.A.

Cancer Research 44(1): 265-270


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-5472
PMID: 6317170
Accession: 043622970

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Mouse myeloma cells were fused with spleen cells from BALB/c mice immunized with a cell line derived from human small cell carcinoma (SCC) of the lung. The cloned hybridoma SM1 produced antibody that was reactive with the surface membrane of SCC cell lines and SCC tumors but not with the membrane of several non-SCC cell lines and tumors. SM1 ascites fluid was used to screen for reactivity of the antibody with other human cancer cell lines, tumor tissues, and normal tissues. SM1 antibody was found to be unreactive with neuroblastoma, adrenal carcinoma, melanoma, and bronchial carcinoid. Reactivity was detected with some breast carcinoma cell lines but not with breast cancer tissue specimens. In the same individual, the antibody was reactive with SCC lung tumor and SCC metastatic to the liver but not with normal tissues, including bronchus, lung parenchyma, liver, kidney, and brain. Human erythrocytes and marrow cells were also unreactive. Since SM1 detects an antigen that is present in greatest amounts on the surface membrane of SCC of the lung, this antibody may be useful in tracing the lineage patterns of human lung cancers.