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Metabolism of bile alcohols, 24-nor-5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha,24-tetrol and 3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha-trihydroxy-26,27-dinor-5 beta-cholestan-24-one, in rats

Kibe, A.; Fukura, M.; Kihira, K.; Kuramoto, T.; Hoshita, T.

Journal of Biochemistry 89(2): 369-377

1981

24-Nor-5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha,25-tetrol and 3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha-trihydroxy-26,27-dinor-5 beta-cholestan-24-one were administered intraperitoneally to bile fistula rats, and the metabolites excreted in the bile were analyzed. No formation of bile acids from these bile alcohols was observed. 7 alpha,12 alpha,25-Trihydroxy-24-nor-5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosid)uronic acid was identified as the only biliary metabolite of the 24-nor-5 beta-cholestanetetrol. The major metabolite of the trihydroxy-26,27-dinor-5 beta-cholestanone was 7 alpha,12 alpha-dihydroxy-24-oxo-26,27-dinor-5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha-O-(beta-D-glucopyranosid)uronic acid, and the minor metabolite was the glucurono conjugate of 26,27-dinor-5 beta-cholestane-3 alpha,7 alpha,12 alpha,24 beta-tetrol. The results indicated that in rat liver these C25- and C26-bile alcohols, in contrast to C27-bile alcohols, were not converted into bile acids, and that the glucuronide production became necessary for hepatic elimination of the accumulated bile alcohols.

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