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Methods and results of replantation following traumatic amputation of the thumb in sixty-four patients

Methods and results of replantation following traumatic amputation of the thumb in sixty-four patients

Journal of Hand Surgery 5(1): 63-70

Immediate survival and functional results were studied in 64 thumb replantations performed during a 3 year period. The failure rate, 27% overall, was higher in patients over 50 years of age (50%) and following avulsions with or without crushing injuries (58%). Long vein grafts from the radial artery proximally to the thumb arteries distally were employed in 15 patients to bypass the traumatized area in the first web space. A higher survival rate (90%) was associated with the use of vein grafts to restore venous return. Half of the patients followed 6 months or longer had good discriminatory sensibility (less than 10 mm). Sensory return and cold intolerance were worse in older patients and were not related to level of injury, mechanism of amputation, total ischemia time, or number of arteries or veins repaired. Loss of motion of the replanted thumb was a frequent cause for inadequate return of function. All thumbs should be considered for replantation, but the results will be poorer in older patients. If possible, motion of the interphalangeal and metacarpophalangeal joints should be preserved.

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Accession: 043642743

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7365219

DOI: 10.1016/S0363-5023(80)80046-3

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