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Modulation of immune response by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS): roles of macrophages and T cells in vitro adjuvant effect of LPS on antibody response to T cell-dependent and T cell-independent antigens



Modulation of immune response by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS): roles of macrophages and T cells in vitro adjuvant effect of LPS on antibody response to T cell-dependent and T cell-independent antigens



Microbiology and Immunology 26(3): 213-225



The roles of macrophages and T cells in the adjuvant effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were studied. In vitro anti-trinitrophenyl (anti-TNP) antibody responses to TNP-Ficoll and TNP-keyhole limpet hemocyanine (TNP-KLH) in spleen cells in C57BL/6 mice showed the most enhancement, when LPS was added to cultures at 1 microgram/ml 48 hr after culture was started. The responses to these antigens were enhanced markedly by LPS in whole and macrophage-depleted spleen cells. The enhancement was greater in the latter group than in the former. The adjuvant effect among whole, T cell-depleted, macrophage-depleted and both macrophage- and T cell-depleted spleen cells was compared. The response to TNP-Ficoll was enhanced markedly by LPS in all groups. The enhancement was greater in the latter two groups than in the first two groups. The response to TNP-KLH was enhanced by LPS strongly in macrophage-depleted spleen cells, moderately in whole and both macrophage- and T cel-depleted spleen cells, and only slight in T cell-depleted spleen cells. Enhancement was restored to T cell-depleted spleen cells by adding T cells. The response to TNP-KLH of macrophage-depleted spleen cells of LPS-responsive C3H/HeN mice which was enhanced by LPS was suppressed by adding splenic macrophages of C3H/HeN mice, but not of LPS-nonresponsive C3H/HeJ mice was not enhanced by LPS, irrespective of the addition of macrophages of C3H/HeN mice. The results indicate that B cells are activated directly by LPS, and T cells enhance and macrophages suppress the adjuvant effect of LPS.

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Accession: 043670714

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PMID: 6981046


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