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Nicotinic-catecholaminergic interactions in rat brain: evidence for cholinergic nicotinic and muscarinic interactions with hypothalamic epinephrine



Nicotinic-catecholaminergic interactions in rat brain: evidence for cholinergic nicotinic and muscarinic interactions with hypothalamic epinephrine



Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 221(2): 416-420



The i.p. injection of nicotine produced several changes in regional catecholamine concentrations in rat brain. These changes were blocked by the centrally active nicotinic antagonist mecamylamine, but not by the quaternary nicotinic antagonist hexamethonium. An examination of the effects of various cholinergic agents on hypothalamic epinephrine concentrations revealed several interesting findings. Central muscarinic antagonism or peripheral muscarinic agonism decreased hypothalamic epinephrine concentrations. The anticholinesterase physostigmine decreased hypothalamic epinephrine concentrations and this effect was blocked by the centrally acting nicotinic antagonist mecamylamine, but not by hexamethonium, scopolamine or methscopolamine. These findings indicate an interaction of cholinergic receptors, both nicotinic and muscarinic, with hypothalamic epinephrine.

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Accession: 043749423

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PMID: 7077536


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