Oxidative phosphorylation in yeast. IX. Modification of the mitochondrial adenine nucleotide translocation system in the oxidative phosphorylation-deficient mutant op 1
Kolarov, J.; Subík, J.; Kovac, L.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 267(3): 465-478
ISSN/ISBN: 0006-3002 PMID: 4558495 DOI: 10.1016/0005-2728(72)90174-0
The properties of intact cells and isolated mitochondria of the op1 mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which had been shown previously to be deficient in oxidative phosphorylation, have been studied further.1.1. When isolated mutant mitochondria were preincubated with substrate and phosphorylation was started by the addition of external ADP, low P/O ratios were obtained under standard conditions. The P/O ratios could be raised to normal values approaching 2 with citrate and succinate in the presence of unusually high concentrations of ADP. Under these conditions the Michaelis constant for Adp of respiration and phosphorylation was found to be 2.9 m M. When isolated mitochondria were added to a medium containing substrate and adenine nucleotide, the Michaelis constant for Adp was found to be lower, about 0.5 m M and maximal P/O ratios of only 0.8 were achieved.2.2. Adenine nucleotide translocation across the membrane of the mutant mitochondria was found to be different from that in wild-type mitochondria and dependent on the energy level in mitochondria. When the intramitochondrial nucleotide pool consisted mostly of Adp and AMP, the rate of adenine nucleotide translocation was approx. 30 times lower than in wild-type mitochondria and the Michaelis constants for Adp of the translocation process were similar in the two types of mitochondria, being lower than 10 μM. When the nucleotide pool was enriched in ATP, the translocation rate in mutant mitochondria was as high as in wild-type mitochondria but the Michaelis constant for external adenine nucleotide was more than 100 times higher in the former than in the latter.3.3. An examination of the effects of the uncoupler, oligomycin, valinomycin and nigericin on the translocation process in the mutant mitochondria provided additional evidence that varying energization of mutant mitochondria was responsible for the variations of the translocation rates and the Michaelis constants under different experimental conditions.4.4. The properties of the adenine nucleotide carrier of mutant mitochondria were studied and found to be different from those of wild-type mitochondria.5.5. It has been concluded that the modification of adenine nucleotide translocation across the mitochondrial membrane is responsible for oxidative phosphorylation deficiency in the op1 mutant. The implications of these findings for the understanding of the adenine nucleotide translocation mechanism and the role of the translocation system in the control of cellular syntheses and growth are discussed.