Purification and characterization of human pancreatic ribonuclease

Weickmann, J.L.; Elson, M.; Glitz, D.G.

Biochemistry 20(5): 1272-1278

1981


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2960
PMID: 6784751
DOI: 10.1021/bi00508a035
Accession: 044102378

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Abstract
A ribonuclease (RNase) has been isolated from normal human pancreas obtained upon autopsy. About 5 mg of RNase is normally recovered per kilogram of pancreas, equivalent to ca. 70% of the total activity and a 700-fold purification from the initial acidified extract. The specific activity of the purified enzyme is identical with that of bovine pancreatic ribonuclease, and a single component is found in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, gel filtration, and reversed-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography. Aggregation of the protein is found upon ultracentrifugation under native and denaturing conditions, and several bands of equal specific activity are seen in polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the native protein. At least two components are glycoproteins. A molecular weight of 15 000 is estimated from sodium dodecyl sulfate gel electrophoresis, gel filtration, and amino acid and peptide analyses. The enzyme is related to bovine pancreatic RNase, but distinguishable by amino acid analysis, tryptic peptide maps, and low cross-reactivity of antibodies with the heterologous enzymes. The human enzyme is also inactivated by treatment with iodoacetic acid at pH 5.5 and is essentially identical with bovine RNase in its far-ultraviolet circular dichroism spectrum. The human RNase is like bovine pancreatic RNase catalytically; RNA is cleaved at pyrimidine residues, and activity against poly(cytidylic acid) is high.