Section 45
Chapter 44,105

Purification of a high-affinity discoidin I-binding proteoglycan from axenic Dictyostelium discoideum growth medium

Bartles, J.R.; Santoro, B.C.; Frazier, W.A.

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 674(3): 372-382


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-3002
PMID: 7236735
DOI: 10.1016/0304-4165(81)90367-6
Accession: 044104654

The axenic Dictyostelium discoideum growth medium HL-5, prepared using Difco proteose peptone No. 2, contains an extremely potent inhibitor of the binding of 125I-labeled discoidin I to glutaraldehyde-fixed, cohesive D. discoideum cells. Axenic strain A3 D. discoideum cells bind or internalize the inhibitor during growth in HL-5 medium and subsequently shed or excrete it while differentiating in suspension. The inhibitor has been purified from Difco proteose peptone No. 2 by sequential gel filtration on Sepharose 4B and affinity adsorption using discoidin I-Sepharose. The inhibitor is heterogeneous in molecular weight (4 . 10(5)--2 . 10(6)), but is relatively homogeneous in density on CsCl density gradients. The size and activity of the inhibitor are resistant to periodate, reduction and maleylation, proteases, nucleases and heating in the absence or presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate. Mild alkali causes a partial reduction in activity and converts the higher molecular weight fraction of the inhibitor to a lower molecular weight. The purified inhibitor contains neutral hexose, hexosamine and amino acid in an approximate molar ratio of 4 : 3 : 2. These and other properties suggest that the inhibitor is an unusual proteoglycan. Certain well-characterized glycosaminoglycans are relatively potent inhibitors of discoidin I binding. The proteoglycan reported here is the most potent discoidin I-binding inhibitor ever identified.

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