Radiographic findings in the chest of patients following cardiac transplantation

Shirazi, K.K.; Amendola, M.A.; Tisnado, J.; Cho, S.R.; Beachley, M.C.; Lower, R.R.

Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology 6(1): 1-6

1983


ISSN/ISBN: 0174-1551
PMID: 6342780
DOI: 10.1007/bf02552785
Accession: 044127061

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Abstract
The postoperative chest radiographic findings in 38 patients undergoing orthotopic (37 patients) and heterotopic (1 patient) cardiac transplantation were evaluated. Findings were correlated with those of echocardiograms, sputum and blood cultures, and lung and heart biopsies. The radiographic manifestations in the chest of these patients are classified in the following three main categories: (1) Newly formed cardiac silhouette findings due to the transplanted heart itself, i.e., changes in size and shape of the new heart and pericardial effusion resulting from the placement of a smaller heart in a larger pericardial sac. (2) Infectious complications due to bacteria, fungal, and other opportunistic agents secondary to immunosuppressive therapy, and (3) Usual postoperative complications following thoracotomy and open-heart surgery.

Radiographic findings in the chest of patients following cardiac transplantation