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Radionuclide analysis of ejection time, peak ejection rate, and time to peak ejection rate: response to supine bicycle exercise in normal subjects and in patients with coronary heart disease

Radionuclide analysis of ejection time, peak ejection rate, and time to peak ejection rate: response to supine bicycle exercise in normal subjects and in patients with coronary heart disease

American Heart Journal 105(5): 802-810

Using equilibrium radionuclide angiography, we evaluated the ejection time (ET), peak ejection rate (PER), and time to peak ejection rate (TTp) at test and during supine bicycle exercise in 39 subjects, divided into three groups: group 1 = 13 normal subjects; group 2 = 10 patients with a previous infarction (MI); and group 3 = 16 patients with coronary disease without a previous MI. Normal subjects had greater ejection fractions and PERs than the other two groups at rest or peak exercise (p less than 0.05). PER was no more useful than ejection fraction in identifying cardiac dysfunction at either rest or exercise. The time of its occurrence varied with the group studied, and was slightly but significantly later in systole in groups 2 and 3 when compared to normals (p less than 0.05), though substantial overlap between groups occurred. During exercise, absolute ET shortened in all groups, but actually increased as a function of the R-R interval. The time to peak ejection rate (normalized for the R-R interval) was greater in the noninfarct group (group 3) patients (p less than 0.05) when compared to the group 1 or group 2 individuals at peak exercise. In conclusion, equilibrium radionuclide angiography is a useful technique for the quantification and characterization of events during systole, and is capable of providing information on the timing of events during ejection. Tardokinesis, or the delay of ventricular ejection, is not seen in the response of global indices of left ventricular function to exercise stress. While global early systolic indexes may not detect regional dyssynchrony, their timing during stress may occasionally aid in discerning the presence of cardiac dysfunction.

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Accession: 044133453

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PMID: 6846124

DOI: 10.1016/0002-8703(83)90244-2

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