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Reaction mechanism of (Ca2+, Mg2+)-ATPase of sarcoplasmic reticulum. The role of Mg2+ that activates hydrolysis of the phosphoenzyme



Reaction mechanism of (Ca2+, Mg2+)-ATPase of sarcoplasmic reticulum. The role of Mg2+ that activates hydrolysis of the phosphoenzyme



Journal of Biological Chemistry 257(1): 426-431



The role of Mg2+ in the activation of phosphoenzyme hydrolysis has been investigated with the (Ca2+, Mg2+)-ATPase of sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles. The enzyme of the native and solubilized vesicles was phosphorylated with ATP at 0 degrees C, pH 7.0, in the presence of Ca2+ and Mg2+. When Ca2+ and Mg2+ in the medium were chelated, phosphoenzyme hydrolysis continued for about 15 s and then ceased. The extent of this hydrolysis increased with increasing concentrations of Mg2+ added before the start of phosphorylation. This shows that the hydrolysis was activated by the Mg2+ added. The Mg2+ which activated phosphoenzyme hydrolysis was distinct from Mg2+ derived from MgATP bound to the substrate site. The Mg2+ site at which Mg2+ combined to activate phosphoenzyme hydrolysis was located on the outer surface of the vesicular membranes. During the catalytic cycle, Mg2+ combined with the Mg2+ site before Ca2+ dissociated from the Ca2+ transport site of the ADP-sensitive phosphoenzyme with bound Ca2+. This Mg2+ did not activate hydrolysis of the ADP-sensitive phosphoenzyme with bound Ca2+, but markedly activated hydrolysis of the ADP-insensitive phosphoenzyme without bound Ca2+. It is concluded that during the catalytic cycle, Mg2+ activates phosphoenzyme hydrolysis only after Ca2+ has dissociated from the Ca2+ transport site of phosphoenzyme.

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Accession: 044145118

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PMID: 6118374


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