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Regulation of cell growth and the c-myc proto-oncogene expression by phorbol ester 12-0-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in the androgen-independent human prostatic JCA-1 cells


Regulation of cell growth and the c-myc proto-oncogene expression by phorbol ester 12-0-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in the androgen-independent human prostatic JCA-1 cells



Biochemistry and Molecular Biology International 34(1): 47-53



ISSN/ISBN: 1039-9712

PMID: 7849624

The proliferation of the human prostatic cancer JCA-1 cells showed a complex response to different concentrations of TPA. Whereas cells exposed for 24 h had growth reduction which was proportional to the concentration of TPA added to the culture media, they showed resistance to low (0.016 and 0.16 nM) but not high (> or = 1.6 nM) doses of TPA after 72 h. Growth-inhibited, treated cells also displayed a distinct cell morphology compared with the controls. Since c-myc expression has previously been shown to be correlated with cellular proliferation, we determined changes in its steady-state level in control and treated cells by Northern analysis. Following a 24h, 48h, and 72h treatment, with 16 nM TPA, c-myc mRNA was suppressed by 91%, 83%, and 78%, respectively, in good agreement with the extent of growth reduction observed. At the low dose of TPA (0.16 nM), however, the c-myc mRNA expression remained inhibited by 85% even though cell growth was only reduced by 10-14%. No difference in the total amount of c-myc protein could be detected between control and treated cells by Western analysis.

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Accession: 044173566

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