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Regulation of growth and macromolecular synthesis by putrescine and spermidine in Pseudomonas aeruginosa


, : Regulation of growth and macromolecular synthesis by putrescine and spermidine in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Life Sciences 34(16): 1513-1520

Growth of P. aeruginosa, slowed by the addition of monofluoromethylornithine, difluoromethylarginine and dicyclohexylammonium sulfate, could be restored by addition of 0.1 mM putrescine plus 0.1 muM spermidine, or 0.1 mM spermidine or 5 mM putrescine by themselves. Lower concentrations of putrescine (0.1 mM - 1 mM) also partially reversed the growth inhibition. Conversion of putrescine to spermidine continued, although at a markedly reduced ratio, in the drug-inhibited cells, but intracellular spermidine concentrations remained depressed suggesting that reversal of inhibition by putrescine may be a direct effect. There was appreciable back-conversion of any added spermidine to putrescine with a demonstrable increase in total intracellular putrescine levels, making conclusions on the effects of spermidine ambiguous. Spermine (0.1 mM), a polyamine not present in bacteria, was also effective in reversing growth inhibition, probably because of its conversion into spermidine and putrescine. The effects of putrescine, spermidine and spermine were specific in that the non-physiological amines, 1,3-diaminopropane, 1,5-diaminopentane (cadaverine), 1,6-diaminohexane, or 1,7-diaminoheptane could not reverse the effects of the three drugs. Rates of total protein, RNA and DNA synthesis were all slowed to the same extent as growth rate and showed similar recovery with the addition of putrescine or spermidine. A role for putrescine in P. aeruginosa growth processes is suggested.

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Accession: 044174288

PMID: 6201690

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