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Regulation of lactating-rat mammary-gland lipogenesis by insulin and glucagon in vivo. The role and site of action of insulin in the transition to the starved state

, : Regulation of lactating-rat mammary-gland lipogenesis by insulin and glucagon in vivo. The role and site of action of insulin in the transition to the starved state. Biochemical Journal 223(2): 345-351

Starvation for 6h and 24h caused an 80% and 95% decrease in the rate of mammary-gland lipogenesis respectively in conscious lactating rats. 2. Plasma insulin concentrations decreased and circulating ketone-body concentrations increased with the length of starvation. 3. The inhibition of lipogenesis after 24h starvation was accompanied by increased concentrations of glucose, glucose 6-phosphate and citrate in the mammary gland. Qualitatively similar changes were observed after 6h starvation. 4. Infusion of insulin at physiological concentrations caused a 100% increase in the rate of lipogenesis in fed animals and partially reversed the inhibition of lipogenesis caused by starvation. 5. Infusion of insulin tended to reverse the changes seen in intracellular metabolite concentrations. 4. Infusion of glucagon into fed rats caused no change in the rates of lipogenesis in mammary gland, liver or white adipose tissue. 7. It is concluded that (a) insulin acts physiologically to regulate lipogenesis in the mammary gland, (b) hexokinase and phosphofructokinase are important regulatory enzymes in the short-term control of lipogenesis in the mammary gland, which are under the influence of insulin, and (c) the unresponsiveness of mammary-gland lipogenesis in vivo to infusions of glucagon is consistent with an adaptive mechanism which diverts substrate towards the lactating mammary gland and away from other tissues.

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Accession: 044174701

PMID: 6388568

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