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Regulation of protein synthesis in eukaryotes. Mode of action of eRF, an eIF-2-recycling factor from rabbit reticulocytes involved in GDP/GTP exchange



Regulation of protein synthesis in eukaryotes. Mode of action of eRF, an eIF-2-recycling factor from rabbit reticulocytes involved in GDP/GTP exchange



European Journal of Biochemistry 145(1): 91-98



The rate of initiation of protein synthesis appears to be controlled at the level of recycling of eIF-2. In this process a new factor, designated eRF, plays an important role. The factor has been purified from the post-ribosomal supernatant and has been called formerly anti-HRI and anti-inhibitor [Amesz, H., Goumans, H., Haubrich-Morree, Th., Voorma, H.O., and Benne, R. (1979) Eur. J. Biochem. 98, 513-520]. Its effect on the initiation of protein synthesis has been studied in several assays: a small but distinct effect is found in the assay for the formation of a ternary complex between eIF-2, GTP and Met-tRNA; a 4-5-fold stimulation is obtained in assays for 40S preinitiation complex formation and in the methionyl-puromycin reaction. In the latter assay a catalytic use of eIF-2 occurs provided that eRF is present. eRF forms a complex with eIF-2 which results in a decrease of the affinity of eIF-2 for GDP, giving it the properties of a GDP/GTP exchange factor. The model stresses the catalytic use of eIF-2 in initiation provided that conditions are met for GDP/GTP exchange by a transient complex formation between eIF-2 and eRF. On the other hand, it is shown that phosphorylation of eIF-2 by the hemin-regulated inhibitor (HRI) abolishes the recycling of eIF-2, by the formation of another stable complex comprising eIF-2 alpha P, GDP and eRF.

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Accession: 044175405

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PMID: 6101245

DOI: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1984.tb08526.x


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