Section 45
Chapter 44,176

Regulation of the aromatic pathway in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain Pcc6301 (Anacystis nidulans)

Hall, G.C.; Flick, M.B.; Jensen, R.A.

Journal of Bacteriology 153(1): 423-428


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9193
PMID: 6129240
Accession: 044175916

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A pattern of allosteric control for aromatic biosynthesis in cyanobacteria relies upon early-pathway regulation as the major control point for the entire branched pathway. In Synechococcus sp. strain PCC6301 (Anacystis nidulans), two enzymes which form precursors for L-phenylalanine biosynthesis are subject to control by feedback inhibition. 3-Deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase (first pathway enzyme) is feedback inhibited by L-tyrosine, whereas prephenate dehydratase (enzyme step 9) is feedback inhibited by L-phenylalanine and allosterically activated by L-tyrosine. Mutants lacking feedback inhibition of prephenate dehydratase excreted relatively modest quantities of L-phenylalanine. In contrast, mutants deregulated in allosteric control of 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase excreted large quantities of L-phenylalanine (in addition to even greater quantities of L-tyrosine). Clearly, in the latter mutants, the elevated levels of prephenate must overwhelm the inhibition of prephenate dehydratase by L-phenylalanine, an effect assisted by increased intracellular L-tyrosine, an allosteric activator. The results show that early-pathway flow regulated in vivo by 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase is the dominating influence upon metabolite flow-through to L-phenylalanine. L-Tyrosine biosynthesis exemplifies such early-pathway control even more simply, since 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase is the sole regulatory enzyme subject to end-product control by L-tyrosine.

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