Section 45
Chapter 44,233

Retinyl phosphate mannose synthesis in rat liver membranes. Phospholipase sensitivity and phospholipid requirement

Shidoji, Y.; Silverman-Jones, C.S.; De Luca, L.M.

Biochemical Journal 216(3): 727-735


ISSN/ISBN: 0264-6021
PMID: 6199016
DOI: 10.1042/bj2160727
Accession: 044232221

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A remarkable and immediate decrease in GDP-mannose:retinyl phosphate mannosyltransferase activity was found on pre-incubation of rat liver postnuclear membranes with phospholipase A2 or phospholipase C. Under the same conditions of pre-incubation (1 min at 37 degrees C) trypsin did not affect the enzyme activity, whereas pre-incubation for 30 min with trypsin and Pronase abolished enzyme activity. The lipid extract of untreated rat liver membranes partially restored enzyme activity after phospholipase treatment. Sphingomyelin was as active as the endogenous lipids. Other phospholipids were less active in the following order: phosphatidylcholine greater than phosphatidylethanolamine greater than phosphatidylinositol = phosphatidylserine. Dolichyl phosphate mannose synthesis was inhibited less (33%) by phospholipase C than was Ret-P-Man synthesis (98.5%) under identical conditions of incubation, which included 0.025% Triton. However, retinyl phosphate mannose synthesis by purified endoplasmic reticulum was found to be resistant to phospholipase C. Mixing experiments failed to demonstrate an inhibitory effect of the phospholipase-treated postnuclear membrane fraction on the synthetic activity of the endoplasmic reticulum, thus excluding the release of an inhibitory factor from the postnuclear membranes.

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