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Role of cell surface receptor mobility in concanavalin A-induced agglutination of Novikoff hepatoma and normal rat liver cells

Role of cell surface receptor mobility in concanavalin A-induced agglutination of Novikoff hepatoma and normal rat liver cells

Journal of Cell Science 42: 169-182

ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9533

PMID: 7400230

The relationshio between Con A-receptor mobility and Con A-induced agglutination of Novikoff hepatoma and normal rat liver cells was investigated. Novikoff cells, incubated with fluorescein-labelled Con A at 3 degrees C displayed uniform, ring-like surface fluorescence. Increasing the temperature of the cells to 37 degrees C caused capping of Con A receptors in approximately 65% of the cells, a phenomenon that could be prevented by prefixing the cells with glutaraldehyde. In spite of these variations in Con A-receptor distribution, Con A-induced agglutination was remarkably constant over a temperature range from 3 to 37 degrees C. In contrast to Novikoff cells, normal hepatocytes displayed a uniform, ringlike surface fluorescence at both 3 and 37 degrees C. No capping was observed. However, hepatocytes, similar to Novikoff cells, were agglutinable by low concentrations of Con A. These findings indicate that, in this model system, Con A-induced cytoagglutination is not dependent upon long-range lateral mobility of Con A receptors. The qualitative differences in the lateral mobility of cell-surface Con A receptors of normal and malignant rat liver cells may represent a marker for neoplastioc transformation during hepatocarcinogenesis, adaptation to growth in ascitic form, or progression of a tumour to a more malignant state.

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Accession: 044250339

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