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Seesaw signal processing in pineal cells: homologous sensitization of adrenergic stimulation of cyclic GMP accompanies homologous desensitization of beta-adrenergic stimulation of cyclic AMP



Seesaw signal processing in pineal cells: homologous sensitization of adrenergic stimulation of cyclic GMP accompanies homologous desensitization of beta-adrenergic stimulation of cyclic AMP



Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 78(7): 4625-4629



Studies of the adrenergic regulation of cyclic GMP in the pineal gland show that (-)-norepinephrine stimulates cyclic GMP primarily in pineal cells, rather than in nerve endings as previously thought. The response exhibits the interesting and unusual characteristic of homologous sensitization: It is maintained by neural stimulation and disappears gradually as a consequence of depressed neural stimulation, due to denervation or decentralization of the superior cervical ganglia or to constant light. The response is restored in intact animals that had been in a constant-light environment when they are returned to a normal light cycle and in ganglionectomized animals by norepinephrine treatment. These findings are especially interesting because the pineal adrenergic--cyclic AMP stimulus--response system exhibits homologous desensitization. The occurrence of homologous sensitization of a cyclic GMP response and desensitization of a cyclic AMP response, which we term seesaw signal processing, in the same tissue or cell has intriguing implications. It provides a mechanism through which the qualitative nature of a multicomponent response can be modified. Such a mechanism could play a role in signal processing by neural or neuroendocrine tissues that release two or more extracellular messages.

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Accession: 044283510

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 6270688

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.78.7.4625


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