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Separation of alkaline phosphatase isoenzymes from human kidney and comparison with alkaline phosphatases from other human tissues, urine, and Escherichia coli



Separation of alkaline phosphatase isoenzymes from human kidney and comparison with alkaline phosphatases from other human tissues, urine, and Escherichia coli



Clinical Chemistry 29(1): 100-106



Human kidney isoenzymes of alkaline phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.1) after extraction with butan-1-ol were separated by ammonium sulfate precipitation, gel filtration, and chromatofocusing fractionation methods. The separation at each fractionation step was monitored by starch gel and equilibrium-gradient-pore electrophoresis, the latter technique also being used to determine molecular mass. The determined molecular mass (daltons) of alkaline phosphatase from human placenta was 132 000, from urine 95 000, and three isoenzymes from kidney were 195 000, 140 000, and 95 000, respectively. The mass of Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase was 80 000 daltons, and that of human liver alkaline phosphatase was assumed to be 160 000 daltons. The urinary isoenzyme and the electrophoretically fastest migrating kidney isoenzyme were similar with regard to pH optima, charge, and molecular mass as well as response to L-phenylalanine, L-homoarginine, heat, and urea. Bacterial alkaline phosphatase could be distinguished from the alkaline phosphatases in human tissues and urine by differences in the response to changes in pH and several other physicochemical properties.

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Accession: 044295959

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PMID: 6336676


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