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Serological diagnosis of influenza B virus infection: comparison of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the hemagglutination inhibition test



Serological diagnosis of influenza B virus infection: comparison of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the hemagglutination inhibition test



Journal of Clinical Microbiology 15(5): 824-829



The sensitivity of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of antibody to influenza B virus was compared with that of the hemagglutination inhibition test on acute- and convalescence-phase sera obtained from adults and children infected with influenza B virus. Two whole virus, tissue culture-grown antigen preparations were used in the ELISA, influenza B/West Virginia/81 and influenza B/Hong Kong/72. Four antigens were used in the hemagglutination inhibition test. These included the tissue culture-grown whole virus antigens that were used in the ELISA. In addition the standard egg-grown antigens, influenza B/Singapore/79 and influenza B/Hong Kong/72, were included for comparison. The ELISA antibody titer was significantly correlated to the hemagglutination inhibition antibody titer, and 10 of 10 adults and 17 of 21 children infected with influenza B had fourfold antibody increases as detected by ELISA with either antigenic type of tissue culture-grown whole virus. Increases in geometric mean antibody titers of 16- to 71-fold were detected by ELISA. Increases in geometric mean antibody titers of 3- to 10-fold were detected by hemagglutination inhibition depending on the type of antigen utilized. We found that ELISA with whole virus antigens was a sensitive and specific test for the detection of antibody to influenza B virus.

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Accession: 044302011

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PMID: 7047553


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