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Subthreshold oscillatory responses of the Hodgkin-Huxley cable model for the squid giant axon



Subthreshold oscillatory responses of the Hodgkin-Huxley cable model for the squid giant axon



Biophysical Journal 9(10): 1206-1222



The classical cable equation, in which membrane conductance is considered constant, is modified by including the linearized effect of membrane potential on sodium and potassium ionic currents, as formulated in the Hodgkin-Huxley equations for the squid giant axon. The resulting partial differential equation is solved by numerical inversion of the Laplace transform of the voltage response to current and voltage inputs. The voltage response is computed for voltage step, current step, and current pulse inputs, and the effect of temperature on the response to a current step input is also calculated.The validity of the linearized approximation is examined by comparing the linearized response to a current step input with the solution of the nonlinear partial differential cable equation for various subthreshold current step inputs.All the computed responses for the squid giant axon show oscillatory behavior and depart significantly from what is predicted on the basis of the classical cable equation. The linearization procedure, coupled with numerical inversion of the Laplace transform, proves to be a convenient approach which predicts at least qualitatively the subthreshold behavior of the nonlinear system.

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Accession: 044464678

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PMID: 5824410

DOI: 10.1016/s0006-3495(69)86446-5


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