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Suppression of murine retrovirus polypeptide termination: effect of amber suppressor tRNA on the cell-free translation of Rauscher murine leukemia virus, Moloney murine leukemia virus, and Moloney murine sarcoma virus 124 RNA


Suppression of murine retrovirus polypeptide termination: effect of amber suppressor tRNA on the cell-free translation of Rauscher murine leukemia virus, Moloney murine leukemia virus, and Moloney murine sarcoma virus 124 RNA



Journal of Virology 34(2): 464-473



ISSN/ISBN: 0022-538X

PMID: 7373716

The effect of suppressor tRNA's on the cell-free translation of several leukemia and sarcoma virus RNAs was examined. Yeast amber suppressor tRNA (amber tRNA) enhanced the synthesis of the Rauscher murine leukemia virus and clone 1 Moloney murine leukemia virus Pr200(gag-pol) polypeptides by 10- to 45-fold, but at the same time depressed the synthesis of Rauscher murine leukemia virus Pr65(gag) and Moloney murine leukemia virus Pr63(gag). Under suppressor-minus conditions, Moloney murine leukemia virus Pr70(gag) was present as a closely spaced doublet. Amber tRNA stimulated the synthesis of the "upper" Moloney murine leukemia virus Pr70(gag) polypeptide. Yeast ochre suppressor tRNA appeared to be ineffective. Quantitative analyses of the kinetics of viral precursor polypeptide accumulation in the presence of amber tRNA showed that during linear protein synthesis, the increase in accumulated Moloney murine leukemia virus Pr200(gag-pol) coincided closely with the molar loss of Pr63(gag). Enhancement of Pr200(gag-pol) and Pr70(gag) by amber tRNA persisted in the presence of pactamycin, a drug which blocks the initiation of protein synthesis, thus arguing for the addition of amino acids to the C terminus of Pr63(gag) as the mechanism behind the amber tRNA effect. Moloney murine sarcoma virus 124 30S RNA was translated into four major polypeptides, Pr63(gag), P42, P38, and P23. In the presence of amber tRNA, a new polypeptide, Pr67(gag), appeared, whereas Pr63(gag) synthesis was decreased. Quantitative estimates indicated that for every 1 mol of Pr67(gag) which appeared, 1 mol of Pr63(gag) was lost.

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Accession: 044475035

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