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The cell cycle dependence of thermotolerance. I. CHO cells heated at 42 degrees C



The cell cycle dependence of thermotolerance. I. CHO cells heated at 42 degrees C



Radiation Research 93(1): 93-106



We examined the dependence of heat killing and thermotolerance on the position and progression of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells in the cell cycle. We measured cell cycle perturbations and survival of asynchronous and synchronized G1-, S-, and G2-phase cells resulting from continuous heating at 42.0 degrees C for up to 80 hr. Thermotolerance under these conditions was transient in nature, was dependent on the position of cells in the cell cycle, and occurred concurrently with a heat-induced delay of progression of G1- and G2-phase cells. When G1 cells were heated, survival decreased to 25% after 4 hr, at which time the thermotolerance was expressed. For G2 cells survival decreased initially at the same rate (T0 congruent to 3 hr) but thermotolerance was not expressed until approximately 12 hr, at which time the survival was 4%. The rate of decrease in survival was much more rapid for cells heated in mid-S phase (T0 congruent to 0.5 hr), and these cells did not express thermotolerance at a measurable level. Concurrent with the expression of thermotolerance, the progression of cells heated in G1 and G2 was delayed. Following the expression of tolerance, progression resumed at a rate approximately equal to the rate of decrease in survival of the G1 population. Cells heated in mid-S phase continued to progress through the cell cycle until they reached G2, where they were also delayed.

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Accession: 044571237

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PMID: 6681674


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