The effect of a high cholesterol and saturated fat diet on serum high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, apoprotein A-I, and apoprotein e levels in normolipidemic humans
Tan, M.H.; Dickinson, M.A.; Albers, J.J.; Havel, R.J.; Cheung, M.C.; Vigne, J.L.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 33(12): 2559-2565
The effects of a high cholesterol, high saturated fat diet on serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol, apo A-I, and apo E levels were studied in six normolipidemic subjects. The study was done on an outpatient basis and mixed natural foods normally consumed by humans were used. When compared with a low cholesterol (98 mg/day) high polyunsaturated fat (P/S ratio 1.6) diet, the high cholesterol (1021 mg/day), high saturated fat (P/S ratio 0.4) diet increased serum cholesterol (23%) by raising the cholesterol concentration in very low-density lipoproteins (59%), low-density lipoproteins (15%), and high-density lipoproteins (30%). The low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol ratio fell significantly from 1.78 to 1.58. The increased high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol was associated with an elevation of serum apo A-I but not apo E. Serum triglycerides did not change significantly.