The inhibitory guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory component of adenylate cyclase. Properties and function of the purified protein
Katada, T.; Bokoch, G.M.; Northup, J.K.; Ui, M.; Gilman, A.G.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 259(6): 3568-3577
ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258 PMID: 6323430 Accession: 044667693
Treatment of membranes with islet activating protein (IAP), a toxin from Bordetella pertussis, results in abolition of GTP-dependent, receptor-mediated inhibition of adenylate cyclase. This appears to result from IAP-catalyzed ADP-ribosylation of a 41,000-Da membrane-bound protein. A protein with 41,000- and 35,000-Da subunits has been purified from rabbit liver membranes as the predominant substrate for IAP. This protein has now been shown to be capable of regulating membrane-bound adenylate cyclase activity of human platelets under various conditions. The characteristics of the actions of the IAP substrate are as follows. 1) Purified 41,000/35,000-Da dimer is capable of restoring the inhibitory effects of guanine nucleotides and the alpha 2-adrenergic agonist, epinephrine, on the adenylate cyclase activity of IAP-treated membranes. 2) The subunits of the dimer dissociate in the presence of guanine nucleotide analogs or A1(3+), Mg2+, and F-. The 41,000-Da subunit has a high affinity binding site for guanine nucleotides. 3) The resolved 35,000-Da subunit of the dimer mimics guanine nucleotide- and epinephrine-induced inhibition of adenylate cyclase. 4) The resolved (unliganded) 41,000-Da subunit stimulates adenylate cyclase activity and relieves guanine nucleotide- +/- epinephrine-induced inhibition of the enzyme. In contrast, the GTP gamma S-bound form of the 41,000-Da subunit inhibits adenylate cyclase activity, although with lower apparent affinity than does the 35,000-Da subunit. 5) The 35,000-Da subunit increases the rate of deactivation of Gs, the stimulatory regulatory protein of adenylate cyclase. In contrast, the 41,000-Da subunit can interact with Gs and inhibit its deactivation. These data strongly suggest that the IAP substrate is another dimeric, guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory protein and that it is responsible for inhibitory modulation of adenylate cyclase activity.