Section 45
Chapter 44,681

The markers of hepatitis B, C and D viral infection in multiply transfused patients

Bocşan, I.S.; Neamţu, A.; Rădulescu, A.; Rafiroiu, C.; Suteu, O.; Pascu, O.; Vlăduţiu, D.; Neamţu, S.; Cucuianu, A.; State, D.

Bacteriologia Virusologia Parazitologia Epidemiologia 40(2): 109-113


ISSN/ISBN: 1220-3696
PMID: 7549251
Accession: 044680106

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We aimed to assess the seroprevalence of HBV, HCV and HDV virus markers in multi-transfused patients from Cluj-Napoca. Stored serum samples of 105 multi-transfused patients (25 children, 19 adults and 61 chronically hemodialyzed patients) have been tested for HBsAg, anti-HBs, total anti-HBc, anti-HCV, total anti-HDV by automated ELISA (Sanofi Diagnostics Pasteur kits). HVC infection has been observed in 4/25 (16%) children, 14/19 (74%) multi-transfused adults and 48/61 (79%) haemodialysis patients. 8/25 (32%) children, 17/19 (89%) adults and 47/61 (77%) haemodialysis patients had HBV infection markers. Anti-HDV have not been found in HBV infected multi-transfused children and adults, respectively. Only 2/47 (4.25%) HBV infected haemodialysis patients had HDV infection markers. The prevalence of double infection (HCV and HBV) was high (4%, 84.2% and 67.2% in children, adults and haemodialysis patients). The prevalence of viral hepatitis markers correlated to the amount of transfused blood, and in haemodialysis patients also correlated to the duration on dialysis. In multi-transfused patients from Cluj area, the prevalence of viral hepatitis markers is high. The double infection (HCV and HBV) is frequent, especially in adults. The prevalence of HDV infection markers in HBV infected patients is low, in contrast with previously reported results.

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