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The mode of action of cytotoxic and antitumor 1-nitroacridines. I. The 1-nitroacridines do not exert their cytotoxic effects by physicochemical binding with DNA


, : The mode of action of cytotoxic and antitumor 1-nitroacridines. I. The 1-nitroacridines do not exert their cytotoxic effects by physicochemical binding with DNA. Chemico-Biological Interactions 43(2): 131-149

The mode of action of cytotoxic and antitumor 1-nitroacridines and their isomeric derivatives was studied by comparing their effects in cell-free systems and towards cultured tumor HeLa cells, assuming that the nitroacridines considered exert cytotoxic effects by physicochemical binding with the DNA. All the nitroacridines impaired biosyntheses of DNA, RNA and protein in cultured HeLa cells and a causal relationship between nitroacridine inhibition of macromolecular biosyntheses and lethal effects of the agents appears likely. In cell-free systems, the nitroacridines bound with two independent sites on the DNA, forming complexes with enhanced resistance to DNA strand separation upon melting and inhibited the DNA polymerase reaction by altering activity of template and/or of enzyme. The 1-nitroacridines were poorly effective in cell-free systems and were the most potent inhibitors toward the growth of HeLa cells among the derivatives studied. It is concluded that the primary events responsible for cytotoxic effects of antitumor 1-nitroacridines and of their isomeric derivatives are different. The metabolic activation of 1-nitroacridines to more reactive intermediates which will attach to and alter the structure and/or function of DNA of sensitive cells is suggested.

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Accession: 044686690

PMID: 6825197

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Konopa, J.; Pawlak, J.W.; Pawlak, K., 1983: The mode of action of cytotoxic and antitumor 1-nitroacridines. III. In vivo interstrand cross-linking of DNA of mammalian or bacterial cells by 1-nitroacridines. To define a critical lesion in presumable target DNA cause in vivo by the antitumor and cytotoxic 1-nitroacridines, Ehrlich ascites tumor (Eat) cells implanted into mice, HeLa cells grown in monolayer culture or Bacillus subtilis SB 1058 strain ce...

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