The organization of the extraocular motor nuclei in the Atlantic stingray, Dasyatis sabina

Rosiles, J.R.; Leonard, R.B.

Journal of Comparative Neurology 193(3): 677-687

1980


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9967
PMID: 7440785
DOI: 10.1002/cne.901930306
Accession: 044698886

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Abstract
Retrograde transport of HRP was used to determine the location and organization of the motor nuclei innervating the extrinsic eye muscles of the stingray, an elasmobranch fish. oculomotor neurons are located both medial to and immediately ventrolateral to the MLF in the rostral midbrain. A ventral oculomotor nucleus was found among the IIIrd nerve rootlets close to the base of the midbrain. The dendrites of cells in the dorsal nucleus appear to be preferentially oriented in the transverse plane penetrating the MLF. Motoneuron pools innervating individual muscles are incompletely segregated in the dorsal group. However, the ventral nucleus innervates only the inferior oblique muscle. Dorsally, motoneurons innervating a single muscle are found on both sides of the MLF. In the caudal midbrain, the majority of trochlear motoneurons are located immediately ventrolateral to the MLF. Abducens motoneurons are scattered in the medulla from a ventrolateral position resembling the location of the nucleus in teleost fish to a dorsomedial position close to the MLF as in most other vertebrates. In contrast to other vertebrates, the medial rectus muscle is innervated by the contralateral oculomotor nucleus. Motoneurons innervating the other muscles have the same laterality as found in other vertebrates.

The organization of the extraocular motor nuclei in the Atlantic stingray, Dasyatis sabina