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The prevalence of carbon-13 in respiratory carbon dioxide as an indicator of the types of endogenous substrate. The change from lipid to carbohydrate during the respiratory rise in potato slices


, : The prevalence of carbon-13 in respiratory carbon dioxide as an indicator of the types of endogenous substrate. The change from lipid to carbohydrate during the respiratory rise in potato slices. Journal of General Physiology 55(1): 1-17

Isotope discrimination is a common feature of biosynthesis in nature, with the result that different classes of carbon compounds frequently display different (13)C/(12)C ratios. The (13)C/(12)C ratio of lipid in potato tuber tissue is considerably lower than that for starch or protein. We have collected respiratory CO(2) from potato discs in successive periods through 24 hr from the time of cutting-an interval in which the respiration rate rises 3-5-fold. The (13)C/(12)C ratio of the evolved CO(2) was determined for each period, and compared with the (13)C/(12)C ratios of the major tissue metabolites. In the first hours the carbon isotope ratio of the CO(2) matches that of lipid. With time, the ratio approaches that typical of starch or protein. An estimation has been made of the contribution of lipid and carbohydrate to the total respiration at each juncture. In connection with additional observations, it was deduced that the basal, or initial, respiration represents lipid metabolism-possibly the alpha-oxidation of long chain fatty acids-while the developed repiration represents conventional tricarboxylic acid cycle oxidation of the products of carbohydrate glycolysis. The true isotopic composition of the respiratory CO(2) may be obscured by fractionation attending the refixation of CO(2) during respiration, and by CO(2) arising from dissolved CO(2) and bicarbonate preexisting in the tuber. Means are described for coping with both pitfalls.

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Accession: 044714615

PMID: 5415043

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Related references

Jacobson, B.S.; Smith, B.N.; Epstein, S.; Laties, G.G., 1970: The prevalence of carbon 13 in respiratory carbon di oxide as an indicator of the type of endogenous substrate the change from lipid to carbohydrate during the respiratory rise in potato d slices. Journal of General Physiology 55(1): 1-17

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