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Ultrastructure and behavior of the nucleoli and fibrillar centers during cell differentiation of liver erythroblasts of 12-day-old mouse embryos

Ultrastructure and behavior of the nucleoli and fibrillar centers during cell differentiation of liver erythroblasts of 12-day-old mouse embryos

Tsitologiia 26(8): 878-885

The transformation of nucleolus and its structural components in the main groups of erythroid cells (from pronormoblasts to reticulocytes and dividing ones) has been studied. It is shown that during inactivation of the nucleolus, the granular component is reduced, and the degree of chromatin condensation increases. Enlargement and "naking" of fibrillar centres are also observed. At the stage of basophilic and polychromatophilic erythroblasts, the nucleolus has a mushroom-like shape with well developed fibrillar centres, which lie at the border of the nucleolus. Nucleolar RNP components consist predominantly of a fibrillar component and forms "caps" of these mushroom-like structures. Therefore, at this stage "free" fibrillar centres are found on ultrathin sections, if the section plane runs only through the fibrillar centre, or through ring-shaped nucleoli, i.e. the fibrillar centre surrounded by sheet of nucleolar RNP fibrilles, when the mushroom-like nucleolus is cut tangentially. Using serial section technique, small round nucleoli with an extremely weakly developed RNP material or free fibrillar centres, resembling those in telophase nuclei, are shown on the terminal stage of nucleolus transformation. It is noted that the main groups of erythroid cells differ from each other not only in the chromatin condensation degree, but also in the development of nucleolus material and in the size of fibrillar centres. However, such differences exist in either cell group. Consequently, we can distinguish between cell populations being on different stages of maturation. On this basis, we described on intermediate population of cells, which possess signs of pronormoblasts and basophilic erythroblasts. In all the cases, strands of electron opaque material bound with the condensed chromatin are present in fibrillar centres.

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Accession: 044893389

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PMID: 6495390

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