Verification of the biphasic response in intraocular pressure during treatment of glaucoma patients with 3% guanethidine and 0.5% adrenaline

Hoyng, P.F.

Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology 51(1-2): 161-173

1981


ISSN/ISBN: 0012-4486
PMID: 7249915
DOI: 10.1007/bf00140885
Accession: 044954628

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Abstract
In a long-term study with 3% guanethidine and 0.5% adrenaline in on eye drop (GA) the combined results of patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and glaucoma suspects showed a biphasic response in intraocular pressure (IOP). The hypertensive phase peaked 3 hrs after administration (at noon) and reached a maximum of 3.5 mm Hg (p less than 0.005) above the hypotensive phase. It is reported in the literature that during office hours untreated glaucoma patients show a peak near noon, suggesting that the initial increase in IOP may be the normal IOP pattern. When the data of untreated patients with POAG and glaucoma suspects were separated, an increase in IOP around noon in the first group and a decrease around noon in the glaucoma suspects was found. However, during GA-treatment both groups showed a hypertensive response at noon (3 hrs). In addition, the highest IOP's in day curves were timed during and without GA. It was shown that during GA there was a shift in the incidence of the highest IOP's towards noon (from 8.3% to 73.2% for patients with suspected glaucoma and from 32% to 63.6% for those with POAG). It was therefore concluded that GA induces a characteristic biphasic IOP pattern in patients with POAG as well as in glaucoma suspects. Also, glaucoma suspects may have higher peak pressures more frequently than POAG patients. Furthermore, the study showed that during office hours untreated glaucoma suspects have day curves with higher pressures in the morning while patients with POAG have higher pressures near noon.

Verification of the biphasic response in intraocular pressure during treatment of glaucoma patients with 3% guanethidine and 0.5% adrenaline