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Vesicular exocytosis of foot- and -mouth disease virus from mammary gland secretory epithelium of infected cows



Vesicular exocytosis of foot- and -mouth disease virus from mammary gland secretory epithelium of infected cows



Journal of General Virology 56(Pt 1): 207-212



Foot-and-mouth disease virus particles were observed by electron microscopy in the cytoplasma of alveolar secretory cells of the bovine mammary gland after contact exposure of uninfected cows to pits with foot-and-mouth disease. Virus, contained in membrane-limited vesicles, was released from the basal and peranuclear portions of the cells into the intracellular and extracellular spaces by an exocytotic mechanism similar to that of the release of th milk-fat globule. Virus was released into the lumen from the apical portion of the cell both by membrane-limited vesicles and by the merocrinal exocytosis of casein-associated virus. The lytic release of virus was observed in 20% of the preparations observed.

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Accession: 044956141

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PMID: 6271913

DOI: 10.1099/0022-1317-56-1-207



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