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A new beta 2 microglobulin mutation found in a melanoma tumor cell line



A new beta 2 microglobulin mutation found in a melanoma tumor cell line



Tissue Antigens 53(6): 569-572



Beta2 microglobulin mutations are an important mechanism for HLA class I total loss, (phenotype No. I) and have been described in colon carcinomas, melanomas and lymphomas. We describe a new beta2 microglobulin mutation detected in the melanoma cell line GR-34. The new mutation reported here was identified as a deletion of 4 bases (TTCT) in the highly repetitive sequence CTCTCTCTTTCT located in the leader sequence of the beta2 microglobulin gene at codon 15-16 of exon 1. The mutation produces a frameshift in the open reading frame sequence with the appearance of a stop codon at position 42. We also demonstrate that the second beta2 microglobulin gene is deleted. Comparisons with beta2 microglobulin mutations in other tumor cell lines suggest a mutation hot spot in exon 1.

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Accession: 045079037

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PMID: 10395107


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