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A new biological glue from gelatin and poly (L-glutamic acid)



A new biological glue from gelatin and poly (L-glutamic acid)



Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 31(2): 158-166



This study describes the potentiality of hydrogels composed of gelatin and poly(L-glutamic acid) (PLGA) as a biological glue for soft tissues and compares its effectiveness with that of a conventional fibrin glue. Water-soluble carbodiimides (WSC) were used to crosslink the aqueous mixture of gelatin and PLGA. The mixed aqueous solution of gelatin and PLGA set to a hydrogel by use of WSC as rapidly as BOLHEAL fibrin glue. An addition of PLGA to gelatin aqueous solution reduced not only its gelation time but also the WSC concentration necessary for hydrogel formation. The cured hydrogel exhibited firm adhesion to the mouse skin and other soft tissues with a higher bonding strength than BOLHEAL fibrin glue. Cohesive failure in the hydrogel was observed when the gel-tissue bond was broken, in contrast to BOLHEAL fibrin glue. The bonding strength of the gelatin-PLGA hydrogel became higher with the increasing PLGA concentration. The inflammatory reaction around the gelatin-PLGA hydrogel subcutaneously implanted in mice was mild, and the hydrogel was gradually absorbed with time in vivo. A toxicity test demonstrated that the concentration of WSC necessary as a biological glue was low enough not to induce its toxicity.

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Accession: 045079077

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PMID: 8731204

DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1097-4636(199606)31:2<157::aid-jbm2>3.0.co;2-m


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