+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

A new classification of developmental language disorders (DLD)

A new classification of developmental language disorders (DLD)

Brain and Language 47(1): 96-116

Eighty children with DLD were examined with 18 language tests, mainly derived from a neuropsychological investigation called NEPSY (NEuroPSYchological Investigation for Children). The children were 6-0 to 7-9 years old and attended kindergarten. The test profiles of the first 40 children, Group 1, were utilized for the elaboration of a classification of DLD. The test profiles were grouped into five subgroups with the aid of a Q-type factor analysis. Then the classification was modified to suit clinical application by collapsing two pairs of subgroups. The resulting categories were called: the Global Subtype, the Specific Dyspraxia Subtype, and the Specific Comprehension Subtype. The classification was validated, first, by a follow-up study. It was predicted that spelling problems would occur in the Global and the Specific Comprehension Subtypes, but not in the Specific Dyspraxia Subtype. At follow-up, 3 years later, the hit rate was found to be 80.5%. In a second validation procedure, the classification was tried out on the 40 children examined later, Group 2. The coverage of the classification was 85%. Five outliers (12.5%) seemed to form a fourth category, called the Specific Dysnomia Subtype. An expressive subtype was not observed.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 045079480

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7922479

DOI: 10.1006/brln.1994.1044

Related references

Book Review: Classification of developmental language disorders. Child Language Teaching and Therapy 20(3): 329-331, 2004

Classification of adults for family studies of developmental language disorders. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 39(3): 661-667, 1996

Exploring the Relationship between Native Language Skills and Foreign Language Learning in Children with Developmental Language Disorders. Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics 2019: 1-13, 2019

Psychosocial Treatment for Developmental Disorders of Speech and Language and Developmental Disorders of Scholastic Skills: Evidence and Care Organization. Pediatric Research 68: 706-707, 2010

Differentiating developmental language disorders from pervasive developmental disorders in young children. Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuropsychology 10(1): 80, 1988

Patterns of vulnerability of language in children with severe developmental language disorders. Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology 17(2): 77-85, 1992

Developmental language disorders--a follow-up in later adult life. Cognitive, language and psychosocial outcomes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines 46(2): 128-149, 2005

Language cannot be reduced to biology: perspectives from neuro-developmental disorders affecting language learning. Journal of Biosciences 30(1): 129-37; Discussion 139-42, 2005

Relationship between language and fluency in children with developmental language disorders. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 36(3): 568-579, 1993

Regression of language and non-language skills in pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research 53(2): 115-124, 2008

Language comprehension in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders without intellectual disability Use of the Reynell Developmental Language Scales. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 6(3): 0-1125, 2012

Oral language impairments in developmental disorders characterized by language strengths A comparison of Asperger syndrome and nonverbal learning disabilities. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 6(1): 0-534, 2012

The Effects of a Developmental, Social--Pragmatic Language Intervention on Rate of Expressive Language Production in Young Children With Autistic Spectrum Disorders. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities 20(4): 213-222, 2005

How specific are specific developmental disorders? The relevance of the concept of specific developmental disorders for the classification of childhood developmental disorders. Journal Of Child Psychology & Psychiatry & Allied Disciplines. 38(3): 351-363, 1997

Substance use disorders: findings from a longitudinal study of individuals with and without a history of developmental language disorders. Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica 63(4): 195-200, 2011