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A new concept in polytopic membrane proteins following from the study of band 3 protein



A new concept in polytopic membrane proteins following from the study of band 3 protein



Biochemistry and Cell Biology 76(5): 729-733



In the present communication, we introduce a novel concept in multispanning polytopic membrane proteins revealed by the study of the band 3 protein. The transmembrane domain of such proteins can be divided into three categories, that is, hydrophilic loops connecting transmembrane peptides (category 1), portions embedded by peptide-peptide interactions (category 2), and portions embedded by peptide-lipid interactions (category 3). Category 2 peptides of polytopic membrane proteins were found to stably reside in the lipid bilayer without peptide-lipid interactions that had been thought to be essential for transmembrane segments. Category 3 peptides are equivalent to single-spanning segments of bitopic membrane proteins. Three different experiments, namely proteolytic digestion, chemical modification of the band 3 protein, and cell free transcription and translation, were used to categorize the transmembrane peptides.

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Accession: 045079648

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PMID: 10353705


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