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A new demographic function maximized by life-history evolution



A new demographic function maximized by life-history evolution



Proceedings. Biological Sciences 267(1441): 357-362



A goal of life-history theory has been to understand what combination of demographic traits is maximized by natural selection. In practice, researchers usually choose either density-independent population growth rate, lambda, or lifetime reproductive success, R0 (expected number of offspring produced in a lifetime). Others have shown that the maxima of density-independent lambda and R0 are evolutionarily stable strategies under specific density-dependent conditions: population regulation by equal density dependence among all age classes for lambda and by density dependence on a single age class for R0. Here I extend these connections between density-independent optimization models and density-dependent invasion function models in two ways. First, I derive a new demographic function for which a maximum corresponds to attainability of the equilibrium strategy or stability of the mean rather than stability of the variance of the strategy distribution. Second, I show explicitly a continuous range of cases with maxima between those for the lambda and R0. Graphical and biological interpretations are given for an example model. Finally, exceptions to a putative life-history generality (from lambda and R0 models), that high early-life mortality selects for high iteroparity, are shown.

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Accession: 045079835

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10722217

DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2000.1009


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